Turgalicia Turismo de Galicia

Xunta de Galicia
  • Long-eared Owl - SCI Canón do Sil e Ribeira Sacra
    Long-eared Owl - SCI Canón do Sil e Ribeira Sacra

    (Asio otus)

  • Hoopoe - Serra da Enciña da Lastra
    Hoopoe - Serra da Enciña da Lastra

    (Upupa epopso)

  • Long-tailed tit - Monte Aloia
    Long-tailed tit - Monte Aloia

    (Aegithalos caudatus)

  • White-throated Dipper - Parque Natural das Fragas do Eume
    White-throated Dipper - Parque Natural das Fragas do Eume

    (Cinclus cinclus)

Costa da Morte

Basic information

Ampliar

Municipalities

  • Malpica, Ponteceso, Cabana, Laxe, Vimianzo, Camariñas, Muxía, Cée, Fisterra

 

General description, settlement

  • Description:
    A vast coastal area between the Sisargas Islands and Cape Finisterre, on the north-westerly edge of Galicia. Varied terrain. Gentle hills alternating with coastal plain cultivated with plantations (Nemiña, O Castro, Traba and Mens) and rugged coastal ranges (Serra da Pena Forcada mountains). The coast rears up as cliffs between Traba and Fisterra and also between Roncudo and Malpica, with long beaches interspersed with the rock formations (Mar de Fóra, O Rostro, Nemiña, Lago, Traba and Laxe). Particularly worthy of mention are the Ría de Corme and Laxe, with an extensive wetland in the inland region (A Ínsua inlet, Anllóns Grande and Lestimoño reedbeds) separated from the open sea by a sandy peninsula (A Barra). Widespread areas of scrubland, with Pinus pinaster plantations on gentle slopes. Cultivation of Eucalyptus globulus near Ponte do Porto and Cabana. This ornithological tourism region also takes in an area of sea extending at least three miles from the shore.
  • Altitude range:
    0 m (shore) to 312 metres above sea level (Martineto, Muxía).
  • Main population centres within the ornithological tourism region:
    Muxía; Laxe; Camariñas and Ponte do Porto (Camariñas); A Carballa (Cabana); Ponteceso and Corme (Ponteceso); Malpica de Bergantiños (around 40,000 inhabitants in total).

Climate

  • Climate Domain: Wet, oceanic.
  • Mean annual precipitation: 900-1500 mm.
  • Annual mean temperature: 12-14ºC.
  • Frosts: >300 frost-free days per year.
  • Bioclimatology: Euro-Siberian region, Atlantic-European province, Cantabrian-Atlantic subprovince, Galician-Portuguese sector.

Interesting wildlife

Important breeding area for seabirds: Common Murre (Uria aalge), Black-legged Kittiwake (Rissa tridactyla), Cory's Shearwater (Calonectris diomedea), European Shag (Phalacrocorax aristotelis) and Lesser Black-backed Gull (Larus fuscus). Also the Spanish Reed Bunting (Emberiza schoeniclus lusitanica), the Kentish Plover (Charadrius alexandrinus), the Stone-curlew (Burhinus oedicnemus) and the Peregrine Falcon (Falco peregrinus). An important wintering and stopover area for numerous seabirds, waders, waterfowl and passerines. Stopover site for Spoonbills (Platalea leucorodia). Presence of mammals such as the otter (Lutra lutra), the Bottlenose Dolphin (Tursiops truncatus) and the Minke Whale (Balaenoptera acutorostrata). Notable populations of dune plants and orchids. Populations of rare plant species such as Rumex rupestris, Omphalodes littoralis gallaecica, Chamaesyce peplis and Centaurea corcubionensis.

Species and habitats of European interest

  • Examples of endangered species:
    • In Danger of Extinction:
      • Puffinus mauretanicus
      • Botaurus stellaris
      • Burhinus oedicnemus
      • Uria aalge (nesting)
      • Emberiza schoeniclus lusitanica
      • Rumex rupestris
      • Omphalodes littoralis subsp. Gallaecica
    • Vulnerable species:
      • Phalacrocorax aristotelis
      • Circus pygargus
      • Circus cyaneus
      • Charadrius alexandrinus
      • Luscinia svecica
      • Tursiops truncates
  • Natural Habitats of Community Interest: 27, including estuaries, mudflats and sand-flats that are not covered by water at low tide, annual vegetation on accumulated marine waste, cliffs with Atlantic and Baltic vegetation, five types of dune habitat and four types of heathland.

Protection instrument/s

  • Site of Community Importance (SCI ES1110002 "Costa da Morte, 12,094 ha), partly included in the ornithological tourism region.
  • Special Protection Area for Birds (SPAB ES0000176 Costa da Morte [Norte], 7,962 ha), partly included in the ornithological tourism region.
  • Protected Landscape (Peñas de Pasarela and Traba).
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